Early detection and treatment of mental health disorders in older adults is going to become even more critical, with 76 million baby boomers soon entering stages of late adulthood who are evidencing depressive disorders at significantly higher rates than previous groups. Unfortunately, as it stands now, health care providers sometimes mistake an older adult’s depressive symptoms as a reaction to illness or the life changes that are associated with old age (i.e., the death of friends and loved ones, experiencing chronic pain and illness, and having limited mobility, etc.). As a culture we need to become more informed about the signs and symptoms of depression as they relate to older adulthood.
While sadness, fatigue, sleep disturbances, social withdrawal, weight loss, increased substance use and fixation on death are common red flags for depression for those of all ages, many older adults who have depression report that they don’t feel sad. Here are some clues to look for in older adults who may deny feeling sad or depressed:
- Unexplained aches and pains
- Feelings of hopelessness or helplessness
- Anxiety and worries
- Memory problems
- Lack of motivation and energy
- Slowed movement and speech
- Loss of interest in socializing and hobbies
- Neglecting personal care (skipping meals, forgetting meds, neglecting personal hygiene)
It’s important that older adults and the general community know how depression may present itself differently in the older adult population. Staying informed about signs and symptoms of depression is an important part we all can play in helping to get those who need it to treatment.
Depression is Not a Normal Part of Growing Older. (2012, May 2). Retrieved March 23, 2015, from http://www.cdc.gov/aging/mentalhealth/depression.htm
Scogin, F. (n.d.). Depression and Suicide in Older Adults Resource Guide. Retrieved March 23, 2015, from http://www.apa.org/pi/aging/resources/guides/depression.aspx
Suicide Rates Rise Significantly Amongst Baby Boomers, Study Finds. (n.d.). Retrieved March 23, 2015, from http://www2.nami.org/Template.cfm?Section=home’A=0&template=/ContentManagement/ContentDisplay.cfm&ContentID=155799
Photo Credit: Katie Hickey